Control Wiring - 3 Wire Control - Start Stop Circuit

The most common use of 3 wire control is a Start/Stop control.  See image below for an example of 3 wire control being used to pull in a contactor to start a 3 phase motor.  When you press the start button and the stop button is not pressed, the 24VDC relay energizes and it pulls in the R1 contactor that feeds three phase power to the motor.  It also pulls in a contact that is tied in parallel with the start button giving it another path for current flow once your release the start button.  This "latches" the relay until the stop button is pressed.



Here is an animated example of how a start stop circuit works.

Trainer Exercise:

  1. ssbuynow.pngWire your trainer so that pressing Push Button 1 energizes the contactor and it stays "latched" in until you press Push Button 2.  Then wire one of the contacts in on the contactor to turn on Light 1 whenever the contactor energizes.  Use the top diagram to help you figure out how to wire it.  Hint:  The start button is normally open and the stop button is normally closed.

Next Steps

Go to the Control and Power Wiring Lesson series to select your next lesson.  There are also many other Lesson Series on PLC Programming and Industrial Automation.